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1 Corinthians

[Pre-arranged visit.] They see Jesus at a distance. See Notes 1 & 2.

[28:16b] ... unto the mountain where Jesus had appointed them.

[15:6] then he appeared to above five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain until now, but some are fallen asleep;

Worship & doubt. See Note 3.

[17] And when they saw him, they worshipped him; but some doubted.


Jesus comes closer.

[18a] And Jesus came to them...


Jesus speaks to them. See Note 4.

[28:18b] and spake unto them, saying, All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth. [19] Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit: [20] teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.


Unspecified time. See Note 5.


[7a] then he appeared to James;

Unspecified time. See Note 6.


[7b] then to all the apostles;


1) The appearance to the 500 most likely occurred at this point, after Jesus' third visit to the apostles. Most of Jesus' disciples lived in that area (Galilee). Although it could have been a separate appearance, it most likely would have occurred at the same time Jesus appeared to the eleven on the mountain. Being a pre-arranged meeting, word could have been quickly communicated to them by the apostles.

2) At the time Paul wrote 1 Corinthians (approximately 25 years later), the majority of these 500 eye-witnesses were still alive; only some had died.

3) Verse 18 tells us that Jesus approached them, indicating that he was further away when they first saw him. There is no mention of a miraculous appearance here, such as happened previously (when he suddenly appeared among the apostles, in the locked room). The doubt could have been the initial reaction of some, if there was, in fact, no miraculous appearance. (When he came closer to them and they saw him better, their doubts would have gone away.) Other possibilities include: 1) If the 500 were also present, it could indicate the initial reaction of some of them. Or: 2) It is grammatically possible (though not always obvious in translations) that this could be a parenthetical comment referring to the doubts that they previously had.

4) All of the content of Matthew 20:18b-20 could have been spoken at the time of this appearance. Or these verses could be a summary statement of what Jesus said at various times during the 40 days (including at this appearance). Though included here, these verses are also included as a summary statement, in a section below.

5) The appearance to James would have occurred at an unspecified time, sometime after the appearance to the 500.

6) This appearance to the apostles could refer to: 1) the appearance to the eleven in Galilee (only IF the appearance to the 500 occurred before the appearance to the eleven, on the mountain - not too likely), or b) the one just prior to the ascension (mentioned below), or c) an unspecified appearance between these two events.





Jesus gives them some instructions. See Notes 1 & 2.


[1:4] and, being assembled together with them, he charged them

The promise of the Holy Spirit's power. [Stay in Jerusalem until you receive it.]

[24:49] And behold, I send forth the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city, until ye be clothed with power from on high. [See Note 3.]

not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, said he, ye heard from me: [5] For John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized in the Holy Spirit not many days hence.

Question about Israel & the kingdom.


[6] They therefore, when they were come together, asked him, saying, Lord, dost thou at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?

[7] And he said unto them, It is not for you to know times or seasons, which the Father hath set within His own authority.

Additional comments about the promised Holy Spirit.


[8a] But ye shall receive power, when the Holy Spirit is come upon you:

Commissioned to be witnesses.


[8b] and ye shall be my witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea and Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.


1) The time of this appearance is most likely immediately before the walk to the Mount of Olives & Jesus' ascension. Grammatically, the phrase "after this" (in v. 9) could allow for an earlier appearance, but this is not too likely.

2) These instructions are also included with the summary statements, below.

3) Luke 24:49, along with some of the previous verses (possibly as far back as verse 44), are most likely part of a "summary statement," compiling various comments made by Jesus at various times. Verse 49 is included here because this is a potential time that the message found in the verse could have been stated. The entire passage (from verse 44) is included with the summary statements, below.

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Translation: The Holy Bible, 1901 American Standard Version, public domain.

Outline: Dennis Hinks © 1999