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The Relationship between GOD, JESUS CHRIST and MAN

2. Words related to charaktēr

[2A] G5481 - χαρακτήρ (charaktēr)

A. Thayer Definition


1) the instrument used for engraving or carving

2) the mark stamped upon that instrument or wrought out on it

2a) a mark or figure burned in (Lev. 13:28) or stamped on, an impression

2b) the exact expression (the image) of any person or thing, marked likeness, precise reproduction in every respect, i.e facsimile

B. Verses with this word


Hebrews 1:3

C. Outline


       1.    Jesus - the exact representation of God's being.

              a.    Hebrews 1:3 - Jesus is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation / imprint of God's being / nature.

[2A-1] A look at the word "being" or "nature."

G5287 - ὑπόστασις (hupostasis)

Thayer Definition:

1) a setting or placing under

1a) thing put under, substructure, foundation

2) that which has foundation, is firm

2a) that which has actual existence

2a1) a substance, real being

2b) the substantial quality, nature, of a person or thing

2c) the steadfastness of mind, firmness, courage, resolution

2c1) confidence, firm trust, assurance

In other passages, this word is translated as confidence or assurance - the focus is on the "foundation" of (or basis for) what is being said, believed, done, etc. (2 Corinthians 9:4; 11:17; Hebrews 3:14; 11:1) In Hebrews 1:3, the focus is on the most basic "foundational" things that define what it means to be God - these are seen in Jesus. The "substance" that makes up "God" is in him.

[2A-2] A look at the word "radiance."

G827 - αὐγή (augē)

Thayer Definition:

1) brightness, radiance, daylight

Jesus is all that we can see of God's glory.

D. Summary


Jesus is the exact expression of deity, the fullest expression of what can be "seen" of God, in a human body. This word is never used to describe the relationship of humans to God.

[2B] G5480 - χάραγμα (charagma)

A. Thayer Definition:


1) a stamp, an imprinted mark

1a) of the mark stamped on the forehead or the right hand as the badge of the followers of the Antichrist

1b) the mark branded upon horses

2) thing carved, sculpture, graven work

2a) of idolatrous images

B. Verses with this word


Acts 17:29; Revelation 13:16-17; 14:9, 11; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4

C. Outline


       1.    The "mark of the beast."

              a.    Revelation 13:16-17; 14:9, 11; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4.


       2.    A man-made "image" cannot represent the nature of deity.

              a.    Acts 17:29 - It's we (humans) who are God's "offspring." Don't think that deity can be represented by a crafted image designed by people!

[2B-1] Places where this word "deity" is found.

G2304 - θει ος (theios)

Thayer Definition:

1) a general name of deities or divinities as used by the Greeks

2) spoken of the only and true God, trinity

2a) of Christ

2b) Holy Spirit

2c) the Father

Used in: Acts 17:29; 2 Peter 1:3-4


       1.    God's deity ("divine-ness") - Acts 17:29 (the word "nature" is added in some translations) - It cannot be represented by man-made objects.


       2.    God's divine power - 2 Peter 1:3 - It has given us everything we need for life and godliness (by means of our knowledge of him who called us).


       3.    God's divine nature - 2 Peter 1:4 - We can partake of it (when we escape the world's corruption by means of the things he has given us - see v. 3). [See v. 5+, to learn how. This is a reference to our partaking of God's moral nature and character, not to us becoming little "deities"! We become more like God, in the same way that other passages describe us as becoming more "Christ-like."]

[2B-2] For comparison - another word related to "deity": "divine nature."

G2305 - θειότης (theiotēs)

Thayer Definition:

1) divinity, divine nature

Romans 1:20 - God's "divine nature" can be understood through creation, so people have no excuse for rejecting him.

[2B-3] For comparison - another word related to "deity": "divine being."

G2320 - θεότης (theotēs)

Thayer Definition:

1) deity

              1a) the state of being God, Godhead

Colossians 2:9 - The fullness of "the divine being / deity" resides in Christ, in bodily form.

[2B-4] Comments about the word "offspring."

G1085 - γένος (genos)

Thayer Definition:

1) kindred

1a) offspring

1b) family

1c) stock, tribe, nation

1c1) i.e. nationality or descent from a particular people

1d) the aggregate of many individuals of the same nature, kind, sort

Used in: Matthew 13:47; 17:21; Mark 7:26; 9:29; Acts 4:6, 36; 7:13, 19; 13:26; 17:28-29; 18:2, 24; 1 Corinthians 12:10, 28; 14:10; 2 Corinthians 11:26; Galatians 1:14; Philippians 3:5; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 22:16


This word "offspring" has many uses, literal and figurative. Taken by itself, we learn that there is some type of relationship or "connection" between us and God. However, it does not fully define what that relationship is.

Scripture often uses an identical word to describe both us (humans) and Jesus Christ. Yet when we explore the matter, we discover that, even under those circumstances, there are differences among the similarities. For instance, we (Jesus and humans) are both called "sons" of God ("daughters" are also implied). Yet Jesus is the "Son" of God by nature; we are "sons" of God by adoption (Romans 8:23). Another example: Though we are both "begotten" by God, Jesus is the "only begotten" (or "one-and-only begotten") of the Father. There is a uniqueness that belongs only to him.

D. Summary


No object we can make is capable of representing God. It is we, humans, who (in one sense or another) are God's "offspring" ("representatives"?). This probably has something to do with our nature or function as "image bearers" of God.


Interestingly, one of the "For comparison" words that was explored for further understanding of these concepts - "divine being" (theotēs) - seems to say something similar to what we saw in Hebrews 1:3. The fullness of the "divine being" resides in bodily form in Christ (Colossians 2:9)!

Dennis Hinks © 1983, 2006



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