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(Based primarily on Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament)

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[from the idea of not rising far from the ground]; (metaphoric use): 1) lowly, of low degree; to be brought low with grief, depressed; 2) lowly in spirit, humble. (Also used once in a negative sense, of being timid and unassertive, submissive; contrasted with being bold and courageous: 2 Corinthians 10:1) - Matthew 11:29; Luke 1:52; Romans 12:16; 2 Corinthians 7:6; 10:1; James 1:9; 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5

having a humble opinion of one's self; a deep sense of one's (moral) littleness; modesty, humility, lowliness of mind - Acts 20:19; Ephesians 4:2; Philippians 2:3; Colossians 2:18, 23; 3:12; 1 Peter 5:5

humble-minded - having a modest opinion of one's self. 1 Peter 3:8

to make low, bring low: 1) to make level, reduce to a plain or pass [through a mountain]; 2) (metaph.) To bring into a humble condition, reduce to meaner (=meager, lowly) circumstances: a) to assign a lower rank or place to; to abase; to be ranked below others who are honored or rewarded; b) to humble or abase oneself [by frugal living]; c) to lower, depress [examples: to bring down one's pride, to have a modest opinion of one's self, to behave in an unassuming manner devoid of all haughtiness, to confess and deplore one's spiritual littleness and unworthiness, to submit one's self in a lowly spirit to the power and will of God]. - Matthew 18:4; 23:12; Luke 3:5; 14:11; 18:14; 2 Corinthians 11:7; 12:21; Philippians 2:8; 4:12; James 4:10; 1 Peter 5:6

lowness, low estate, humiliation; metaph.: spiritual abasement, leading one to perceive and lament his (moral) littleness and guilt - Luke 1:48; Acts 8:33; Philippians 3:21; James 1:10

NOTE: There is at least one additional Greek word that is occasionally translated "humility" in some translations - a word often translated "gentleness" or "meekness." These references are not included in this study.

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Dennis Hinks © 1998
Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament is public domain.