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JESUS APPEARS TO TWO DISCIPLES AND TO PETER

Comments

Mark

Luke

1 Corinthians

Probably in the afternoon. It was "nearly evening" when they arrived at the house (see 24:29). Jesus appears to the two (but initially he does not let them recognize him). See Note 1.

[16:12] And after these things he was manifested in another form unto two of them, as they walked, on their way into the country.

[24:13] And behold, two of them were going that very day to a village named Emmaus, which was threescore furlongs from Jerusalem. [14] And they communed with each other of all these things which had happened. [15] And it came to pass, while they communed and questioned together, that Jesus himself drew near, and went with them. [16] But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

 

He asks them why they are so sad.

 

[17] And he said unto them, What communications are these that ye have one with another, as ye walk? And they stood still, looking sad. [18] And one of them, named Cleopas, answering said unto him, Dost thou alone sojourn in Jerusalem and not know the things which are come to pass there in these days?

[19a] And he said unto them, What things?

 

They report what has happened. See Note 2.

 

[19b]And they said unto him, The things concerning Jesus the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people: [20] and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and crucified him. [21] But we hoped that it was he who should redeem Israel. Yea and besides all this, it is now the third day since these things came to pass. [22] Moreover certain women of our company amazed us, having been early at the tomb; [23] and when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, who said that he was alive. [24] And certain of them that were with us went to the tomb, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.

 

Jesus rebukes them.

 

[25] And he said unto them, O foolish men, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken! [26] Behooved it not the Christ to suffer these things, and to enter into his glory? [27] And beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, he interpreted to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

 

Jesus makes himself known. It is "nearly evening" (or earlier).

 

[28] And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they were going: and he made as though he would go further. [29] And they constrained him, saying, Abide with us; for it is toward evening, and the day is now far spent. And he went in to abide with them.

[30] And it came to pass, when he had sat down with them to meat, he took the bread and blessed; and breaking it he gave to them. [31] And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight. [32] And they said one to another, Was not our heart burning within us, while he spake to us in the way, while he opened to us the scriptures?

 

The two return to Jerusalem, to tell the others.

[13a] And they went away and told it unto the rest:

[33] And they rose up that very hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,

 

They are told about Jesus' appearance to Peter. See Notes 3 & 4.

 

[34] saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.

[15:5a] and that he appeared to Cephas;

The two tell about Jesus' appearance to them.

 

[35] And they rehearsed the things that happened in the way, and how he was known of them in the breaking of the bread.

 

The disciples still do not believe the physical aspect of Jesus' resurrection.

[13b] neither believed they them.

 

 

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:

1) It could have even been early- or mid-afternoon. The expression of hospitality was considered an important part of life. And it could be expressed for many hours - or even days.

2) They had heard about the women's first visit and about the visit by Peter & John. They had not yet heard about Jesus' appearance to the women.

2) Sequence of events: Jesus' appearance to Peter could have happened earlier in the day, before his appearance to the two on the road.

3) At this point, Peter (also called Cephas and Simon) probably thought that Jesus appeared to him as a spirit. (Compare to Luke 24:37 & following.)


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Translation: The Holy Bible, 1901 American Standard Version, public domain.

Outline: Dennis Hinks © 1999