When a person begins to read the Bible, he quickly discovers that the Old
and New Testaments seem to emphasize different things.
Confusion over why these differences exist is the reason for many
arguments, divisions, and even false teaching. Many people even claim
that the two testaments contradict each other!
The following articles look at some of these differences, in an attempt to show that
the two testaments actually complement (rather than contradict) each other.
Though there are differences in emphasis, the over-all message is the
Note that the word "testament" means "covenant." Knowing
this will help us when we study these issues. The Bible tells us that we are now
under a "new
covenant" (which is what the name "New Testament" means) because of
what Jesus did - and also because of Old Testament Israel's failures.
The Relationship between Israel and the Church
An attempt to organize (in table format) the various
Scripture passages that describe the relationship between Israel and the
Church. Some information about unsaved Gentiles is also included. The PDF
format has two sizes, formatted for different sizes of paper.
HTML / PDF (small print for 8.5"x11" paper) /
PDF (larger print for 8.5"x14" paper)
Comments about the Old Testament Ceremonial Law
Today, we do not need to practice the ceremonial rituals of the
Old Testament. This study looks at some of the reasons why this is
true. It is based on a New Testament study of the word "common," when used in a negative
sense of "unclean," "unholy," etc. The people in Old
Testament Israel were to separate themselves from anything that was
ceremonially "unclean" or "unholy." These symbolic truths (expressed
by the ceremonial rituals) were intended to teach them spiritual
HTML / PDF
NOTE: The word "common," when used in a
positive sense, can be found in
a different study entitled,
"Fellowship & Sharing in the Community of Believers."
(This link is included in the HTML edition of this article, but NOT in the
The Bible tells us...
"Behold, days are coming," declares the Lord, "when I will make
a new covenant ..." (Jeremiah 31:31a)
"... all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the
Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled." (Luke 24:44b)